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Posted by Geeker on

Tracing Back The Origins Of Comparative Law

Comparative law involves the study of different legal systems that are found all over the world. It is referred as the study of differences and similarities that are found between laws of various countries. The establishment of comparative law came with significant benefits regarding democratization, economic globalization, and internationalism. People were interested, and they wanted to know more about this law and how they could apply it in their respective countries. The legal systems involved in Comparative Law include:

  • Chinese law
  • Hindu law
  • Canon law
  • Common law
  • Jewish law
  • Islamic law
  • Civil law
  • Socialist law.

The modern comparative law came into existence in the 18th century. It became very popular with legal scholars trying to understand it better within a short time. Montesquieu is the person who came up with the comparative law. Sir Henry became the founder of modern comparative law later on. The first ever university to teach comparative law as a unit subject was the University of Oxford in 1869. Sir Henry was well equipped on the subject. He took up the role of a professor in the University where he lectured on the Comparative law. The purpose of the Comparative law is to perfect the current legal systems, to offer contributions in judicial systems unification possibly, and to provide a precise and elaborate knowledge of the jurisdictions that are in place. Rudolf Schlesinger was a legal scholar. Rudolf was the first person to introduce a comparative law in the United States. He served as a professor in the institution and lectured on the subject of comparative law after Cornell law school had adopted the comparative law as a subject.

Sujit Choudhry is the Faculty Director and the Founder of the Center for Constitutional Transitions. Sujit is known all over the world as a master of comparative constitutional law and comparative constitutional development. The Center for Constitutional Transitions is the first center based in a university in the world that is involved in mobilizing and offering knowledge when it comes to the building of constitutions. Sujit is a board editor at the Constitutional Court Review and the International Journal of Constitutional law. Sujit serves on the Executive Committee of the International Society of Public Law as a member. Sujit has published an estimated 70 reports and articles. He formerly worked at the World Bank Institute as a consultant. The South Asian Bar Association of Toronto named Sujit as the Practitioner of the Year in 2011.

Posted by Geeker on

Why Whistleblowers Are Now Reporting Scandals Fearlessly

In 2010, the US Congress enacted the much awaited Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform as well as the Consumer Protection Act. It was the most sweeping legislative overhaul of US financial law since the Great Depression. One of the many crucial reforms that the Dodd-Frank Act made was a new whistleblower program. It provides significant implementation, protection and financial incentives for individuals who report a possible breach of the federal securities regulations to the US Securities and Exchange Commission.

Role of Whistleblower Attorneys
In response to the historic legislation, the Labaton Sucharow was the first law firm in the United States to establish a tradition exclusively aimed at protecting and advocating for the Securities and Exchange Commission’s whistleblowers. Building on the company’s top market securities litigation platform, their Whistleblower Representation Practice employs a world-class in-house group of investigators, financial experts, and forensic accountants. The firm boasts of immense federal and State law enforcement experience to offer unparalleled representation to all whistleblowers. The practice is led by a leading SEC whistleblower lawyer, Jordan A. Thomas, the former Assistant Director and Assistant Chief Litigation Counsel from the division of enforcement at the SEC. During all his tenure at the highly respected the SEC, Jordan played a critical leadership role in the crafting of the Whistleblower Program which included drafting of the proposed legislation together with final implementing rules.

Protection and Compensation
Under the new rules of this program, SEC is required to compensate any eligible whistleblowers 10% to 30% of the monetary sanctions recovered as a result of a successful SEC-enforcement action or any actions in which the sanctions surpasses $1 million. When this threshold is met, the involved whistleblowers may as well be eligible for additional awards depending upon the monetary sanctions recovered in related actions resulting from other regulatory and law enforcement agencies. The Dodd-Frank Act also forbids retaliation by the employers against any whistleblowers who report to SEC as per the program rules. Most importantly, whistleblowers may report possible securities violations anonymously if represented by an attorney.

More about the SEC Whistleblower Program
To know more regarding the SEC Whistleblower Program or to ask for a case evaluation, contact the Whistleblower Representation Team through telephone, email, or even electronic submission through their website. All first consultations and case evaluations are offered for free on top of being confidential as well as protected by the lawyer-client privilege. During the initial consultation, although it is strongly advisable, individuals are not needed to provide personal identifying details or the names of alleged securities violators.


Posted by Geeker on

Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho Can Guide Your Business Through Legal Matters In Brazil

Whenever you do business on foreign soil, you have to know what all the laws are that pertain to finance and regulatory compliance. This especially holds true for people who have relocated to Brazil, or travel there frequently for business. Brazil has many similar financial laws to the US, Canada and Great Britain, but they have some different ones as well that you don’t want to overlook. Brazilian lawyers are people with knowledge on corporate and finance laws, and if you ever needed to file a lawsuit or protect yourself from being sued, it’s wise to hire a reputable Brazilian law firm to help you out.


 Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has been practicing law for many years in Brazil and has helped clients wade through some of the toughest corporate cases there. Mr. Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho started out with just small cases at a small, inconspicuous office in Sao Paulo, but then moved up to one of the most famous law firms in Brazil. Later, Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho founded the law firm Leite, Tosto e Barros Advogados, partners who specialize in corporate finance and tough litigation matters. Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho founded the IBEDEP, and is a member of both the Brazil and International Bar Association.


Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho’s law firm has made a name for itself as experts in both environmental and white collar crime litigators, and recently they’ve helped prosecute some Swedish internationals who had been laundering money through legal loopholes. Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho also helped the construction of a dam in southern Brazil continue with his defense of the project and convincing a judge of its environmental safety. Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho has mentored many young people who have gone on to became lawyers themselves, and he’s authored the book O Processo de Tiradentes.


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