Tracing Back The Origins Of Comparative Law
Comparative law involves the study of different legal systems that are found all over the world. It is referred as the study of differences and similarities that are found between laws of various countries. The establishment of comparative law came with significant benefits regarding democratization, economic globalization, and internationalism. People were interested, and they wanted to know more about this law and how they could apply it in their respective countries. The legal systems involved in Comparative Law include:
- Chinese law
- Hindu law
- Canon law
- Common law
- Jewish law
- Islamic law
- Civil law
- Socialist law.
The modern comparative law came into existence in the 18th century. It became very popular with legal scholars trying to understand it better within a short time. Montesquieu is the person who came up with the comparative law. Sir Henry became the founder of modern comparative law later on. The first ever university to teach comparative law as a unit subject was the University of Oxford in 1869. Sir Henry was well equipped on the subject. He took up the role of a professor in the University where he lectured on the Comparative law. The purpose of the Comparative law is to perfect the current legal systems, to offer contributions in judicial systems unification possibly, and to provide a precise and elaborate knowledge of the jurisdictions that are in place. Rudolf Schlesinger was a legal scholar. Rudolf was the first person to introduce a comparative law in the United States. He served as a professor in the institution and lectured on the subject of comparative law after Cornell law school had adopted the comparative law as a subject.
Sujit Choudhry is the Faculty Director and the Founder of the Center for Constitutional Transitions. Sujit is known all over the world as a master of comparative constitutional law and comparative constitutional development. The Center for Constitutional Transitions is the first center based in a university in the world that is involved in mobilizing and offering knowledge when it comes to the building of constitutions. Sujit is a board editor at the Constitutional Court Review and the International Journal of Constitutional law. Sujit serves on the Executive Committee of the International Society of Public Law as a member. Sujit has published an estimated 70 reports and articles. He formerly worked at the World Bank Institute as a consultant. The South Asian Bar Association of Toronto named Sujit as the Practitioner of the Year in 2011.